As mentioned in Application of Forgings and their importance, here is the detailed article on Application of forgings
Strength, reliability and economy are the desired characteristics for application in automobile industry. Forged components possess these characteristics, thus making forged parts suitable for application in automobile industry. Forged components possess good shock absorbing capacity and therefore are found at points of shock and stress such as axle beams, wheel spindles, shafts, kingspin, torsion bars, ball studs, pitman arms, idler arms, and steering arms.
Forged parts also find application in the powertrain, where connecting rods, drive shafts, transmission shafts, differential gears, clutch hubs and yokes are often forged.
VALVES AND FITTINGS:
Forgings are often associated with the high pressure applications in the valve and fitting industry because of their superior mechanical properties and freedom from porosity. Corrosion and heat-resistant materials are generally used for valve bodies and stems, flanges, tees, saddles, elbow reducers, and other fittings.
HAND TOOLS & HARDWARE
Hand tools and hardware have been traditionally forged as the mark of quality. Wrenches, pliers, hammers, garden tools, sledges, wire-rope clips, sockets, nut and bolts, hooks, turnbuckles are common examples of forged hand tools and hardware. Forged components find application in surgical and dental instruments too.
MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT
Forgings find application in off-highway and heavy construction equipment, mining equipment, and material handling applications owing to their high strength, toughness and machinability. Equipment and machinery used in steel, paper, textile, power generation and transmission, chemical and refinery industries also use forged components.
DEFENCE AND ARMED FORCES:
Forged components are found in almost every implement of defence, from rifle triggers to nuclear submarine drive shaft, all comprise forged parts. Missiles, heavy tanks, armoured carriers, shells and other heavy weapons are common defence-related applications of forged components.
For aerospace application, high strength-to-weight ratio and structural reliability are the most significant properties required. Performance, range, and payload capabilities of aircraft highly depends on these properties. Commercial jets, helicopters, piston-engine planes, military aircraft and spacecraft widely use forgings. Forgings component are used as and in bulkheads, wing roots and spars, engine mounts, hinges, brackets, shafts, beams, landing gear cylinders and struts, wheels, brake carriers and arresting hooks. In jet turbine engines, superalloys (iron-base nickel-base and cobalt-base) are forged into components such as buckets, discs, blades, couplings, rings, manifolds, chambers and shafts.