Over centuries, the smithy, also called forge has evolved greatly to become a facility with manufactured process, modern day equipments, raw materials and tooling etc. to meet the demand of modern industry.
The history of forging springs from the land of Mesopotamia (the land between the Tigris and the Euphrates). The earliest signs of metalworking were seen as early as 4500B.C. Metals like wrought iron and bronze were forged by ancient man. The smiths generally produced traditional products like kitchenware, jewellery, hand tools, hardware for doors, chestnuts, lanterns, locks and clocks etc., weapons and firearms.
However, manual artistic forging was replaced by stamping and casting in the 19th century. The bases of the theory of forging were greatly developed in Soviet Russia. The scientific structure if the metals were studied under the microscope and scientific substantiation of the conditions of forgings were provided by the Russian Scientists.
Forging is generally done by heating of the metal to the forging temperature to increase its plasticity, thereby lowering its resistance to deformation. The range of forging temperature depends on the structure and the chemical composition of the metal, as well as the type of transition. The temperature range for aluminium alloys is 420-480 degrees and for steel is 800-1100 degrees Celsius. Different forging processes are classified either by the geometry of the end product or by the type of the equipment used.
Thus, over centuries forging industry has evolved greatly. In today’s world, forging industry is one of the most prosperous industry contributing biggest share in the country’s economy