Forgings can be produced on various types of machines. The size of these machines or equipment can vary between various shapes, types, sizes and capacities.
Some have been listed below
- Ring Rollers
As you are aware that forgings are classified according to their temperature at the time of processing. They can be Cold Forging, Hot Forging or Warm Forging.
These various types of forgings can be made in Open Die Forging or Closed Die Forging, depending on their use and properties. The forged weights range between a large spectrum of sizes. Forgings can be as small as 10 grams to hundreds of metric tonnes.
Smiths have been doing forgings across ages and generations of mankind. Hardware, Kitchenware, hand tools, weapons, jewellery, forged automotive components, forged tractor, agricultural equipment, railway parts, ship building materials, aerospace engineering forged parts, pipe flanges, and many other parts are made using forging process.
The above mentioned uses or parts define the use machinery of forging process. Since the styles, designs, and drive systems vary widely the kind of equipment to be used for producing forgings is dependent on many factors and requires knowledge skill, experience, and some times experiments.
Let us understand more about these machines in detail.
Hammers: Hammer is an object, tool, or a machine that generates high pressure impact blows. Commonly hammers are used to fit various parts into something, drive nails, forge metals and components, and break apart different objects. Hammers can have driving forces of about 50,000 pounds or even more. Hammers are of various types and sizes.
Presses: Press as the name suggest squeezes the metal rather than generating impact blows. Presses can also have driving force of more than 50,000 tons. The most important attribute of presses is that they squeeze the metal vertically under controlled or controllable high pressure. Presses are also of various types and sizes.
Upsetters: Upsetter is also a type of forging press. Upsetters are used for forging horizontally, and therefore named as “upsetting”. They are usually used to forge long parts with partial heating and forging limited area.
Ring Rollers: Ring roller is again easily identifiable by its name. They turn a round hollow part or a piece of metal against a rotating roll under very high pressure. These rollers squeeze out or rolls a one-piece seamless ring shaped components.
Good Forging equipment manufacturers are limited and usually specialise in their respective type of forging equipment or machine, i.e. Hammer Manufacturers specialise in hammers, Press manufacturers specialise in presses, Upsetter manufacturers specialise in upsetters, and Ring Rolling manufacturers specialise in ring rolling machines.
These machines can be purchased by forging manufacturers from various forging equipment manufacturers across the globe.